Tuesday, February 24, 2009
MULTI-GRAIN HEMP PANCAKE MIX
The pancakes just before we devoured them this morning!
What is Pancake Tuesday? It's also “Carnival”, Mardi Gras” (“Fat Tuesday” in French), “Shrove Tuesday”, or Fasnacht (the Germanic "night of the fast"—a lso the name of a doughnut). Carnival means “lifting off the meat”, because this Tuesday comes the day before Ash Wednesday in the church calendar, the first day of Lent, when many Catholics, Anglicans, and Orthodox Christians traditionally give up meat and sometimes eggs and animal fat, until Easter. In many countries, people traditionally have rowdy and colorful celebrations on this day—a kind of combination of longing for spring and letting off steam before the fast.
The religious name is Shrove Tuesday, or Shrovetide, the eve of Lent, but it is celebrated across the world with riotous merrymaking and feasting.
Brazilians and Caribbean islanders dance in the streets, New Orleans throws its most famous party of the year, the English (and Commonwealth countries) celebrate with Pancake Tuesday. Why? Well, pancakes used up rich ingredients like butter and eggs from the larder before the Lenten fast. Families gather for pancake suppers, and in England housewives still compete in the peculiar tradition of donning aprons and racing each other holding pancake-filled skillets. Strict rules require that each contestant successfully toss and flip her pancakes into the air at least three times before crossing the finish line!
The British pancakes are actually more like what we would call crepes here.
We vegans don't have to "give up" meat, eggs, dairy products and animal fat, but any excuse to eat pancakes!
Why a hemp pancake mix?
This is a multi-grain vegan pancake mix that I originally devised for a proposed hemp book. That deal fell through, but it's a good mix, and a fun way to add some hemp to your diet. You can read about the ecological benefits of hemp here. Hemp can play a role in an anti-inflammatory diet, since it is rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Hemp is a good source of fiber and protein, and it is a very sustainable, versatile crop that can grow in North America without pesticides! It is grown in many countries, including Canada, and is considered a good crop to replace tobacco.
Here are some Hemp Facts from The Hempsters:
"* The Declaration of Independence and US Constitution were drafted on hemp paper.
* The first American Flag was made out of hemp.
* George Washington and Thomas Jefferson both grew hemp.
* The finest bible paper remains hemp-based even today.
* The first Levi Jeans were made from hemp.
* The canvas on the covered wagons of American pioneers heading west was made of hemp.
* The rigging sails of every ship that sailed the high seas during the 18th and 19th centuries was made of hemp.
* Hemp was money and was used to pay taxes for over 200 years."
"WHY HEMP YOU ASK?
Hemp can provide a valuable ecological solution to help our civilization transform its economy from relying on non-renewable disappearing resource bases such as petroleum and fossil fuels to a more natural, sustainable economic one, such as plants.
Our reliance on non-renewable fossil fuels releases large amounts of carbon dioxide and other pollutants into the environment, which affects our health, our future and our economy and ultimately the sustainability of our species and others on Earth as seen by the dramatic climatic events seen around the globe.
Switching our reliance to a renewable resource such as plants for energy and other materials will help us come back into balance with nature and reduce pollution.
Hemp offers an opportunity to develop agricultural and processing methods that do not harm the environment as it is biodegradable, natural and it will not end up in our landfills."
"WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HEMP AND MARIJUANA?
The big difference between hemp and marijuana is the seeds from which it is grown.
Hemp cannot get you “high” as industrial hemp seeds have very minimal THC levels (the psychoactive ingredient), typically less than 0.3%. Canada’s hemp production is regulated by Health Canada through a licensing program where farms that grow hemp are inspected and the crop is tested to ensure the THC levels are below 0.3%."
The Manitoba Harvest Hemp booth at the 2008 Seattle Vegfest:
The USA needs to get with the program! In the US, hemp cannot be grown, but edible hemp products and hemp clothing, etc., can be imported from other countries. Go figure! (Here's an article about this.)
The Hemp Pancake Mix-- you see, it's not green!
BRYANNA'S MULTI-GRAIN, HEMP PROTEIN PANCAKE MIX (There are some options if you don't want to use hemp!)
These pancakes can be mixed up in a minute and taste almost like the white kind, but have plenty of fiber and grains in them, plus the goodness of hemp seed! This is a variation of my Vegan All-American "Buttermilk" Pancake Mix.
Dry Ingredients for Mix—- whisk together well in a large bowl:
3 cup whole wheat pastry flour (use white wheat whole wheat pastry flour, if possible)
1 cup oat flour (you can just grind oatmeal in a dry blender until fine)
3/4 cup corn flour ** (see below)
1/2 cup hemp protein powder (**if you prefer not to use hemp protein powder, or can't find it, you can use soy flour, soymilk powder, or chickpea flour instead)
1/4 cup golden flaxseed, ground in a clean, dry electric coffee/spice mill (one that is NOT used for coffee!)
1/4 cup brown rice flour (Brown rice flour can also be made in small amounts in a clean, dry electric coffee/spice grinder. Grind as finely as possible.)
2 tablespoons granulated organic sugar
4 teaspoons Ener-G or Orgran egg replacer powder
2 teaspoons baking soda
2 teaspoons salt
1 teaspoon baking powder
1/4 cup oil of your choice
Keep in a tight container, refrigerated. STIR BEFORE MEASURING OUT.
MAKING THE BATTER (stir mix before measuring):
ADD each 2 cups of mix (12-16 pancakes):
1 tablespoon lemon juice plus water to make 1 1/2 cups
ADD to each 1 cup of mix (6-8 pancakes):
1/2 tablespoon lemon juice plus water to make 3/4 cup
ADD to each 2/3 cup of mix (6-4 pancakes):
1 tablespoon lemon juice plus water to make 1/2 cup
ADD to each 1/2 cup of mix (3-4 pancakes):
3/4 teaspoon lemon juice plus water to make 6 tablespoons
To make the pancakes:
Place mix in a medium bowl. Dump the lemon juice and water into the dry ingredients and whisk briefly just until no dry flour is visible-- it will be lumpy and quite thick. Let stand while you heat up your pancake griddle or good, heavy nonstick skillet, on top of the stove (I find this makes nicer pancakes than my electric griddle, but it's up to you) and spray with oil from a pump-sprayer ( or rub with an oil-spoaked paper towel) before each batch. Drops of water should sizzle when sprinkled on the surface if it's ready.
Spoon heaping tablespoonfuls of the batter onto the hot, oiled griddle or skillet and spread it out gently to a 4" circle with the back of the spoon. (I used a tiny ladle that holds 1 and 1/2 T. and that was perfect.) Cook until it has puffed a bit, bubbles appear in the surface and the bottoms are golden-brown. Carefully loosen with a spatula (if using a plastic spatula, make sure that it has a nice thin edge on it) and turn over gently. The center will rise a bit and be firm, and the other side golden when done. Don't overcook, or they fall and are heavy.
Serve on warm plates topping of your choice. Yum!
© Bryanna Clark Grogan 2008
Yield: (4 batches of 12-16 pancakes-- each batch of 2 cups mix)
Nutrition Facts (Nutrition facts are for 1/2 cup mix, which makes 4 small pancakes)
Nutrition (per serving): 247.2 calories; 26% calories from fat; 7.3g total fat; 0.0mg cholesterol; 400.2mg sodium; 237.2mg potassium; 38.9g carbohydrates; 6.0g fiber; 2.0g sugar; 32.9g net carbs; 8.3g protein; 4.8 points.
Corn flour is not the same as cornstarch (confusingly, what we call "cornstarch" in North America is referred to as "corn flour" in the UK)- it's very finely-ground yellow cornmeal. I can find it in the Asian or Indian section of my supermarkets, but also look for it in Indian (East Asian) markets and health food stores.
If you can't find corn flour, or if you prefer to use organic products, grind the finest yellow cornmeal you can find in a clean coffee/spice mill until it is powdery (this is important), or grind yellow cornmeal on the finest setting of your electric grain mill (I had to run it through mine twice).